Bhakra Nangal Dam – Bhakra-Nangal was the first of the large dams that former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru called “temples of modern India”. Widely perceived to have played a crucial role in India becoming self-sufficient in food production, it gave a newly-independent India a feeling of self-reliance and pride in its achievements.
Located in the village of Bhakra in Himachal Pradesh’s Bilaspur region, amidst the lusciously green Sutlej-Beas river valley, the dam took 12 years to build, starting in 1951. Towering at 740 ft, it is one of the highest gravity dams in the world and forms the Gobind Sagar reservoir, which is the third largest reservoir in India. Three times taller than the Qutub Minar, it irrigates 7 million acres in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan. The Bhakra Dam project is today used as a model to justify large dam programmes elsewhere in the country. The dam attracts tourists from all over the country and has been built with the unrelenting toil of man for the benefit of mankind and therefore is worthy of worship.
Gobind Sagar Lake – Gobind Sagar lake, on river Sutlej, is a man-made reservoir built in 1976; its source is the hydel dam at Bhakra. Nestled amidst the Himalayan range it is an embodiment of true Himalayan beauty, surrounded by lush green mountains. The lake has been named after the tenth Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh. It was declared as a ‘waterfowl refuge’ in 1962. The lake supports fifty-one species of fish and is well known for its flora and fauna. It is one of the most visited tourist’s spots and numerous ornithologists and nature lovers are thereby attracted to this place.
Virasat-e-Khalsa – A masterpiece of rich Sikh culture and religious history, the `Virasat-e-Khalsa` is located in the holy city of Anandpur Sahib, the birthplace of the Khalsa. Conceived as a repository of the rich heritage of the `Khalsa`, the museum showcases the history and culture of Punjab; the heritage complex has been built to emphasize the eternal message of the 10 Sikh Gurus. It is built on a 100-acre site at Anandpur Sahib. It was here in 1699, on the day of Baisakhi, that the 10th Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh, founded the Khalsa Panth and baptized the `Panj Piaras` (the first five baptized Sikhs known to be the loved ones of the Guru). The Museum building, which is shaped like hands offering prayers, unfolds Sikh history and tradition like never before.